There are a number of knee surgeries that actually increase arthritis risk long term. While possibly providing short term relief, they actually accelerate the process of developing wear and tear arthritis.
Common Knee Surgeries can Accelerate the Progression of Arthritis
Knee surgeries to be wary of in regards to arthritis risk are chondroplasty and meniscal surgeries, two of the most common routinely performed knee surgeries in the country. Both of these surgeries cut out tissue, with the theoretical benefit of removing damaged tissue that may be causing pain. The problem is that the cartilage and meniscus tissues that are removed during these surgeries remove the normal buffer in your knee. Removing this normal defensive system from the knee exposes the knee to more arthritis at an earlier age. It’s a fairly common occurrence that I see someone in their 40s to 50s that has developed significant arthritis in the knee 4-5 years after their knee arthroscopic surgery. Unfortunately, many of these people are unaware of the accelerated arthritis risk after these sorts of surgeries. Having made the decision for surgery, it’s impossible to replace the tissue that is removed.
Rather than permanently removing tissue, a smarter way to approach knee pain is to focus on treatments that aim to rebuild and strengthen your existing structures of the knee. Biologic treatments such as platelet rich plasma and autologous mesenchymal stem cells that repair damaged tissue are a healthier approach. Consider one of these safer, effective, injectable treatments prior to surgery that can cause irreparable changes.