A sprain is when a ligament that connects two bones together is injured. Ligaments are meant to provide stability between the bones it connects. In the course of any significant physical activity, a certain amount of normal stress is applied to your musculoskeletal system. If that stress overwhelms your body’s normal stability mechanisms, injuries can occur. An injury to a ligament is a common form of this sort of injury.
Usually if you have mildly sprained a ligament, rest and time should be able to heal that soft tissue injury. If an injury is too significant, or the area is unable to rest appropriately, that sprain can become chronic. A chronically injured ligament leads to an unstable joint, which in turn causes pain, progressive stress on the joint, and difficulty with use of that joint.
How Ankle Sprains Are Different Than Most Other Sprains
Your ankle is a remarkable structure. It combines a wide range of movement and flexibility, with strength and stability to withstand your entire body weight. There are multiple ligaments draped around the ankle, each meant to stabilize the joint, and each constantly under stress when your are standing, walking, or running.
Ankle sprains are difficult to heal for a number of reasons. Generally, most people are unable to adequately rest after an ankle injury, preventing their sprain from adequately healing. In addition, by the time most people decide to address a significant ankle sprain, it has likely progressed from a limited injury to one that is more significant and unstable. Lastly, the biomechanics that may have caused that injury are rarely addressed and corrected, thus leading to a re-injury of that same ligament again with time. After a ligament has been injured, if it does not significantly heal, it will be more prone to re-injury in the future.
So what can you do about a chronic ankle sprain? Correct your biomechanics. Adequately rest if you have recently injured or re-injured the area. And use available stem cell and prp treatments when necessary to help heal your injured ligament.